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List of Acronyms

    A
  • Access Control List, a list of permissions attached to an object in a file system.
  • Active Directory, a directory service created by Microsoft.
  • Active Directory Federation Services, a software component developed by Microsoft that can be installed on Windows Server operating systems to provide users with Single Sign-On access to systems and applications located across organizational boundaries.
  • Asynchronous JavaScript and XML, a group of interrelated web development methods used on the client-side to create interactive web applications.
  • American National Standards Institute, a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States.
  • Application Programming Interface, a particular set of rules and specifications that software programs can follow to communicate with each other.
  • American Standard Code for Information Interchange, a character-encoding scheme based on the ordering of the English alphabet.
  • An ASP.NET Web User Control file.
  • Active Server Pages, a web-scripting interface by Microsoft.
  • Active Server Page Extended, file format for server-generated Web page created with Microsoft Visual Web Developer for the Microsoft ASP.NET framework.
  • Amazon Web Services, a collection of Amazon.com remote computing services that together make up a cloud computing platform.
  • B
  • BlackBerry Enterprise Server
  • Binary Large Object, a collection of binary data stored as a single entity in a database management system.
  • C
  • Certificate Authority, or Certification Authority, an entity that issues digital certificates.
  • Coveo Audio and Video Search
  • Collaborative Data Objects, an application programming interface included with Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Exchange Server products.
  • Coveo Enterprise Search, the name of the Coveo Platform software running on Back-End servers.
  • Customer Information Access Solutions from Coveo
  • Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, agglutinated languages for which phrases must be splitted into words before being indexed.
  • Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Thai, agglutinated languages for which phrases must be splitted into words before being indexed.
  • Coveo Job Scheduling, a service used to register and manage Coveo tasks such as text analytics runs and jobs.
  • Content Management System, a collection of procedures used to manage work flow in a collaborative environment.
  • Component Object Model, a Microsoft binary-interface standard for software component.
  • Central Processing Unit of a computer system
  • Cyclic Redundancy Check, an error-detecting code commonly used in digital networks and storage devices to detect accidental changes to raw data.
  • Customer Relationship Management, a strategy for managing interactions with customers, clients and sales prospects.
  • Customer Support Representative
  • Cascading Style Sheets, a language used to describe the look and formatting of a document written in a markup language.
  • Comma-Separated Values, a type of file storing tabular data in plain-text form.
  • Computer telephony integration, a common name for any technology that allows interactions on a telephone and a computer to be integrated or coordinated.
  • D
  • Direct-attached storage, a digital storage system directly attached to a server or workstation, without a storage network in between. It is a retronym, mainly used to differentiate non-networked storage from SAN and NAS.
  • Database Management System, a software package with computer programs that control the creation, maintenance, and the use of a database.
  • Distributed File System, a set of client and server services that allow an organization using Microsoft Windows servers to organize many distributed Server Message Block (SMB) file shares into a distributed file system.
  • Desktop Integration Package, a Coveo product that includes the Desktop Searchbar and the Outlook Sidebar and allows end-users to send the content of folders on their computer or private network folders to the unified index.
  • Dynamic Link Library, a Microsoft implementation of the shared library concept in the Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems.
  • Digital Marketing System, in the context of Sitecore 7, a module allowing analysis, automation, and personalization of Sitecore powered website content.
  • Domain Name System, a hierarchical naming system built on a distributed database for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or to a private network.
  • Dots per inch, a measure of spatial printing or video dot density, more specificatlly, the number of individual dots that can be placed in a line within the span of 1 inch (2.54 cm).
  • Daylight saving time, the practice of advancing clocks during the lighter months so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.
  • A Document Type Definition, a set of markup declarations that define a document type for an SGML-family markup language (SGML, XML, HTML).
  • E
  • Enterprise Content Management, a formalized means of organizing and storing organization documents, and other content, that relate to the organization processes.
  • EMC Corporation, an information infrastructure company.
  • Europe, the Middle East and Africa, a regional designation used for business purposes.
  • F
  • Federal Information Processing Standard, United States security and interoperability requirements for computer systems that are used by the U.S. federal government. The FIPS 140 standard defines approved cryptographic algorithms.
  • Foreign Key, a referential constraint between two relational database tables.
  • Fully Qualified Domain Name, a domain name that specifies its exact location in the tree hierarchy of the Domain Name System (DNS).
  • File Transfer Protocol, a standard network protocol used to copy files from one host to another over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet.
  • G
  • Global Assembly Cache, a machine-wide .NET assemblies cache for Microsoft Common Language Runtime (CLR) platforms.
  • Geographically Distributed Index, a collection of interconnected Coveo instances.
  • Graphics Interchange Format, a widely supported portable bitmap image format.
  • Group Policy Management Console, is a user component in Microsoft Windows Server allowing to modify group policies.
  • Group Policy Object, defines a set of rules which control the working environment of user accounts and computer accounts in a Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems.Group Policy provides the centralized management and configuration of operating systems, applications and users' settings in an Active Directory environment.
  • Graphical User Interface, a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices with images rather than text commands.
  • Globally Unique Identifier, a unique reference number used as an identifier in computer software.
  • H
  • HyperText Markup Language, the predominant markup language for web pages.
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol, a networking protocol for distributed and collaborative hypermedia information systems.
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure, a combination of the Hypertext Transfer Protocol with the SSL/TLS protocol to provide encrypted communication and secure identification of a network web server.
  • I
  • International Components for Unicode, a set of software libraries to enable one single program to work with text in any language for any place in the world.
  • Internet Explorer, the Microsoft web browser
  • Internet Information Services, a set of Internet-based services for servers using Microsoft Windows.
  • Internet Protocol, a set of rules for dispatching data across a computer network.
  • Internet Security and Acceleration Server (ISA Server), a network security and protection solution for Microsoft Windows.
  • Information Technology, is the acquisition, processing, storage, and dissemination of numerical information using computers and telecommunications.
  • J
  • JavaScript, a programming language.
  • JavaScript Object Notation, a human-readable data interchange text-based language for representing simple data structures and associative arrays.
  • L
  • Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, an application protocol for reading and editing directories over an IP network.
  • Language-Integrated Query, a set of features introduced in Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 that extends powerful query capabilities to the language syntax of C# and Visual Basic.
  • M
  • Messaging Application Programming Interface, a messaging architecture and a Component Object Model based API for Microsoft Windows.
  • An application that uses the Mobile Information Device Profile (MIDP) of the Connected Limited Device Configuration (CLDC) for the Java ME environment.
  • Microsoft Office SharePoint Server, replacing what used to be known as SharePoint Portal Server.
  • Microsoft
  • Microsoft Developer Network, the portion of Microsoft responsible for managing the relationship with developers and testers.
  • Model View Controller, a software architectural pattern for implementing user interfaces.
  • N
  • Network-attached storage, a file-level computer data storage connected to a computer network providing data access to a heterogeneous group of clients.
  • Network Load Balancing, a computer networking methodology to distribute workload across multiple computers.
  • Near Real-Time Indexing, a feature that allows CES to make new content searchable significantly faster.
  • New Technology File System, the standard file system of Windows NT, including its later versions Windows 8/7/Vista/XP/2000 and Windows Server 2012/2008/2003.
  • NT LAN Manager, a suite of Microsoft security protocols that provides authentication, integrity, and confidentiality to users.
  • O
  • Optical Character Recognition, a translation of scanned images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into machine-encoded text.
  • Open Database Connectivity, a standard software interface for accessing database management systems (DBMS).
  • Object Linking and Embedding, Database, an API designed by Microsoft for accessing data from a variety of sources in a uniform manner.
  • Out-of-the-Box, typically qualifies a feature or functionality of a product that works immediately after installation without any configuration or modification.
  • Operating System, a software that manages computer hardware resources, and provides common services for execution of various application software.
  • Open Text Content Server, an OpenText document management solution that provides full lifecycle management for any type of electronic document.
  • Outlook Web App, a webmail service of Microsoft Exchange Server 5.0 and later.
  • P
  • Portable Document Format, an open standard for document exchange.
  • Product data management, the business function often within product lifecycle management (PLM) that is responsible for the management and publication of product data.
  • Privacy Enhanced Mail, a 1993 IETF file format proposal for securing email using public-key cryptography.
  • Primary Key, in the context of a relational database.
  • Public Key Infrastructure, a set of hardware, software, people, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates.
  • Product Lifecycle Management, the process of managing the entire lifecycle of a product from its conception, through design and manufacture, to service and disposal.
  • Portable Network Graphics, a bitmapped image format and video codec that employs lossless data compression.
  • Personal Storage Table (.pst), an open proprietary file format used to store copies of messages, calendar events, and other items within Microsoft software such as Microsoft Exchange Client, Windows Messaging, and Microsoft Outlook.
  • Formerly Parametric Technology Corporation, a U.S.-based computer software company specializing in 2D and 3D design software, product lifecycle management (PLM), and service management solutions.
  • Q
  • Queries Per Month, a measure of the amount of search traffic in an information retrieval system.
  • Queries Per Second, a measure of the amount of search traffic in an information retrieval system.
  • Query Ranking Expression
  • R
  • Redundant Array of Independent Disks, a technology that provides increased storage functions and reliability through redundancy.
  • Random-Access Memory, a form of computer data storage.
  • Red, Green, and Blue additive color model.
  • Read-only mode, for an index, a mode where information can only be read from the index, not written.
  • Revolutions Per Minute, a measure of the frequency of a rotation.
  • Really Simple Syndication, a family of web feed formats used to publish frequently updated content.
  • Rich Text Format, a document file format developed by Microsoft for cross-platform document interchange.
  • Read-write mode, for an index, a mode where information can be read and written to the index.
  • S
  • Security Assertion Markup Language, an XML-based open standard for exchanging authentication and authorization data between security domains.
  • Storage Area Network, a dedicated storage network that provides access to consolidated, block level storage.
  • Serial Attached SCSI, an interface architecture used to transmit data from the storage controllers to the disk drives in the Adaptable Modular Storage 2000 family.
  • Serial ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment), a computer bus interface for connecting host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical drives.
  • Social Business Software, a commercial Java EE-based Enterprise 2.0 collaboration and knowledge management tool produced by Jive Software.
  • Sitecore Development Network
  • Secure Hash Algorithm, one of a number of cryptographic hash functions published by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as a U.S. Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS).
  • Security Identifier, a unique alphanumeric character string which is assigned by a Windows Domain controller during the log on process that is used to identify a subject, such as a user or a group of users.
  • Single instruction multiple data, a class of parallel computers with multiple processing elements that perform the same operation on multiple data simultaneously.
  • Server Message Block, an application-layer network protocol mainly used to provide shared access to files, printers, serial ports, and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network.
  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, an Internet standard for email transmission across Internet Protocol networks.
  • Simple Object Access Protocol, a protocol specification for exchanging structured information in the implementation of Web Services in computer networks.
  • Salesforce Object Query Language, the object query language for querying data in the Force.com platform.
  • SharePoint Portal Server, a Microsoft Office product.
  • Structured Query Language, a database computer language designed for managing data in relational database management systems.
  • A solid-state drive. a data storage device using integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.
  • Streaming SIMD Extensions 2, one of the Intel processor supplementary instruction sets extending the earlier SSE instruction set to fully supplant MMX.
  • Secure Sockets Layer, a cryptographic protocol that provides communications security over the Internet.
  • Single Sign-On, a property of access control of multiple related, but independent software systems.
  • Security Support Provider Interface, an API used by Microsoft Windows systems to perform a variety of security-related operations such as authentication.
  • T
  • Thai Character Cluster, a group of inseparable Thai characters separated by the tokenizer preprocessor before indexing.
  • Transmission Control Protocol, one of the core protocols of the Internet protocol suite (IP) providing reliable, ordered, error-checked delivery of a stream of octets between programs running on computers connected to a local area network, intranet, or the public Internet.
  • U
  • User Account Control, a technology and security infrastructure introduced with Microsoft Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 operating systems. It aims to improve the security of Microsoft Windows by limiting application software to standard user privileges until an administrator authorizes an increase or elevation.
  • Universal Content Management, as in Oracle UCM, an Oracle product.
  • UI Data Sync, Web services that provide external Web applications access.
  • User Interface, the space where interaction between humans and machines occurs.
  • Universal Naming Convention, a Microsoft Windows syntax to describe the location of a network resource.
  • User Principal Name, a unique username comprised of a logon name and a suffix separated by the @ symbol such as my_name@my_domain_name.
  • Uniform Resource Identifier, a string of characters used to identify a name or a resource on the Internet.
  • Uniform Resource Locator, a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that specifies where a known resource is available and the mechanism for retrieving it.
  • UCS Transformation Format, a multibyte universal character encoding for Unicode.
  • V
  • Visual Basic Script or VBScript, an Active Scripting language developed by Microsoft that is modeled on Visual Basic
  • A Virtual Private Cloud, an on demand configurable pool of shared computing resources allocated within a public cloud environment providing isolation between the different organizations using the resources.
  • Virtual Private Network, a secure way of connecting to a private Local Area Network at a remote location, using the Internet or any insecure public network to transport the network data packets privately, using encryption.
  • W
  • Wide Area Network, a computer network that covers a broad area with communications links crossing metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries.
  • Web application ARchive, a JAR file used to distribute a collection of JavaServer Pages, servlets, Java classes, XML files, tag libraries and static Web pages that together constitute a Web application.
  • Windows Communication Foundation, a Microsoft runtime and a set of APIs in the .NET Framework for building connected, service-oriented applications.
  • Word Correction Lexicon, a list of indexed words and their number of occurrence in used to propose "Did you mean" artenatives at query time.
  • Web Content Management, a system that provides website authoring, collaboration, and administration tools designed to allow creation and management of website content with relative ease.
  • Web Content Management System, a software system that provides website authoring, collaboration, and administration tools designed to allow creation and management of website content with relative ease.
  • Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning, a set of methods based on the Hypertext Transfer Protocol that facilitates collaboration between users in editing and managing documents and files stored on World Wide Web servers.
  • Windows Identity Foundation, a Microsoft software framework for building identity-aware applications.
  • Web Services Description Language, an XML-based interface definition language that is used for describing the functionality offered by a web service.
  • Windows SharePoint Services, a portal server product from Microsoft.
  • X
  • eXtended Markup Language, a set of rules for encoding documents in machine-readable form.
  • Extensible Stylesheet Language, an expressions used to refer to a family of languages used to transform and render XML documents.
  • Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations, a language for transforming XML documents into other XML documents, or other objects such as HTML pages, plain text, XSL FO (for conversion to PDF, PostScript, or PNG).
  • Cross-site scripting, a type of computer security vulnerability typically found in Web applications.
  • Y
  • YAML Ain't Markup Language, a recursive acronym for a human-readable data serialization format that takes concepts from programming languages, ideas from XML, and the data format of electronic mail.
  • Z
  • A data compression and archive file format.
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